Ramadan (the Arabic pronunciation we use for this introduction) or Ramzan (the Urdu pronunciation) is a holy month of fasting, introspection, and prayer for Muslims, the followers of Islam. It is celebrated as the month during which Muhammad received the initial revelations of the Quran, the holy book for Muslims.
Fasting is the fourth of the five fundamental principles of Islam known as ‘Sawm’. Everyday during Ramadan, It is mandatory for Muslims to not eat or drink from sunrise to sunset. The time saved is used to look inward and become more thoughtful through meditating, praying, and reading the Quran. Besides, Fasting is not all about absence of hunger and thirst, during this time one tries to avoid impure thoughts, bad behaviour, and displaying negative emotions such as anger upon someone else.
One way of self-reflection is to become aware of one’s achievements in life. It is encouraged to share such by giving to charity and people in need. Another way is to clean-up emotional debris by both forgiving others and asking for forgiveness from others.
Lastly, Ramadan is the time for connecting to one’s family and community and the best way to do so is to break one’s daily fasts by sharing meals with everyone, from their loved ones, neighbours, colleagues to people in need.